Sieyès, Emmanuel-Joseph

(1748-1836) (Abbé Sieyès)
   political figure
   Born in Fréjus, Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès, or Abbé Sieyès, as he is known, was an avid reader of the 18th-century philosophers. He took holy orders in 1787 and was named vicar general of Chartres. Coming to Paris in 1788, he published shortly after his Essai sur les privileges and, at the beginning of the revolution of 1789, his celebrated pamphlet Qu'est-ce que le tiers état? (1789), in which he upholds the principles of the Revolution. A deputy to the estates general, he played a decisive role in the transformation of that body into the National Assembly (June 1789) and stood with mirabeau against any attempts to disband it. An early member of the jacobin Club, he contributed to the decision to divide France into 83 departments and to expand the suffrage in the constitution of 1791. A constitutional monarchist, he joined the moderates and was elected to the Convention, where he voted, however, for the death of the king. Although he is seen as one of the instigators of the terror because of his support for the idea of the General Will, Sieyès played only a small role during that period. But later, as a member of the Committee of Public Safety after 9 Thermidor, Year II (July 27, 1794), he was involved in diplomacy and as a proponent of annexation signed the Treaty of The Hague (1795) with Holland. Elected a Director in 1795, he resigned in favor of lazare carnot and took his place on the Council of Five Hundred, over which he presided after the coup d'état of 18 Fructidor, Year V (September 4, 1797). Minister plenipotentiary to Prussia, Sieyès returned to Paris in May 1799 to join the Directory again and, in November, helped prepare the way for the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire, Year VIII (November 9, 1799), which launched the political career of Napoléon Bonaparte. Together with Bonaparte and pierre ducos, he became a member of the Consulate and helped to frame the Constitution of the Year v III, which napoléon I then revised. Sieyès subsequently resigned from politics. He was made a count of the Empire in 1809 and, during the hundred days, a peer of France. Seeking refuge in Brussels, in Belgium, after Bonaparte's defeat, he was proscribed as a regicide (1816) and did not return to France until 1830. Abbé Sieyès was elected into the académie FRANÇAISE in 1803.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Sieyès, Emmanuel-Joseph — born May 3, 1748, Fréjus, France died June 20, 1836, Paris French political theorist. A Catholic priest, he rose to become chancellor of the diocese of Chartres in 1788. In sympathy with the reform movement before the French Revolution, he won… …   Universalium

  • Sieyès, Emmanuel-Joseph — ► (1748 1836) Eclesiástico, hombre de estado y publicista francés. Diputado del Tercer Estado en los Estados Generales, presidente de la Asamblea Constituyente y diputado en la Convención, votó la muerte del monarca Luis XVI (1793). Como teórico …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes — Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès par Jacques Louis David Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès (prononcer [sjejɛs]), né le 3 mai 1748 à Fréjus et mort le 20 juin 1836 à Paris, est un ho …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès — par Jacques Louis David Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès (prononcer [sjejɛs]), né le 3 mai 1748 à Fréjus et mort le 20 juin 1836 à Paris, est un ho …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès — (May 3, 1748 ndash; June 20, 1836) (pronounced|sjejɛs or IPA| [sijɛs] ) was a French Roman Catholic abbé and statesman, one of the chief theorists of the French Revolution, French Consulate, and First French Empire. His 1789 pamphlet What is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sieyès (homonymie). Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès — Porträt Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès von Jacques Louis David aus dem Jahr 1817 Emmanuel Joseph (seit 1808 Graf) Sieyès [ɛmaˈnɥɛl ʒoˈzɛf sjeˈjɛs] (* 3. Mai 1748 in Fréjus; † 20. Juni 1836 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès — (1817), por Jacques Louis David. Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, Conde Sieyès (Fréjus, 3 de mayo de 1748 París, 20 de junio de 1836) fue un político, eclesiástico, ensayista y académico francés, uno de los teórico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès — (3 de mayo de 1748 †20 de junio de 1836), político y hombre de estado francés, uno de los teóricos de la Revolución Francesa y de la era napoleónica. Nació en Fréjus, al sur de Francia, y fue educado por la Iglesia en la Sorbona. Mientras estuvo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès — Porträt Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès von Jacques Louis David aus dem Jahr 1817 Emmanuel Joseph (seit 1808 Graf) Sieyès, auch: l abbé Sieyès [ɛmaˈnɥɛl ʒoˈzɛf sjeˈjɛs] (* 3. Mai 1748 in Fréjus; † 20. Juni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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